Even though Ghana has not got a one drop-dead, big name attraction, the sort of place other tourist or friends will say you have to see once in a life time, say the Kilimanjaro Mountains or the Victoria Falls, due to Ghana’s historical attractions. Some of these include Powerful Ancient Kingdoms, its kings and festivals.
There are some natural attractions, which include long sketches of coastal lands with bone-white beaches, stringed along with the Slave trade sites i.e. 500-year-old Castles and forts, wildlife reserves, national parks etc.
Reserves, Animals and Bird Life:
The Country has about eighteen dedicated reserves, an exciting array of wildlife which includes 50 species of rodents, 74 species of bats, 20 species of carnivores,- among them seven species of mongooses-4 anteaters, 6 species of shrews and 16 monkeys, a total of about 222 species of mammals. There are also another 850 varieties of butterfly, some 90 species of snakes, and over 700 bird species, some migrating over 11,000 km from Indonesia to the keta area in the Volta Region.
Ghana is a bird- watchers’ haven, the following sights along the coast have been designated as Ramsar International Protected Sites for bird watching. [ Esiama Lagoon, Muni Lagoon, Panbros ,Densu Delta, Sakumo Lagoon, Songor Lagoon, Keta Lagoon]
PAV in collaborations with Sikapa Tour Agency, take you around Ghana to visit interesting places within the ten regions. There are a number of cultural, natural and historical centers that are worth visiting. These places have been group regionally as follows:
The Ashanti (also spelt Asante) region is blessed with rich culture, and home to much pomp and pageantry, the region is also known for its historical and mythical landmarks. The main language spoken is Twi. The scenic and hilly Kumasi is the regional capital, the second largest city in Ghana. It has also served for three centuries as the royal capital of the Ashanti state. It is also home to the Golden stool of the Ashantis, founded by their leader King Osei Tutu (1695). It is not only the most populous region in Ghana, but one of the most hectic cities, far busier than Accra.
The main dishes of Ashanti Region include fufu with light soup and meat, “akrantee”-bush meat, or mushroom soup with snails or palm nut soup, ampesi (plantain, yam or cassava, cocoyam).
How to get there
This region is centrally located and very well connected by air and road transport systems to the regional capital, Kumasi. By road there is the main Accra-Kumasi road which can be travelled in just four hours [270km], the main Kumasi-Yamoransa –Cape Coast road, the Kumasi- Techiman-Tamale road and the Kumasi-Sunyani-wa road. All these make going to Kumasi very accessible from whichever part of the country you may find yourself.
Getting Around In Ghana
Whilst in the metropolis, Kumasi has a very vibrant transportation system. There are a lot of Taxis and Trotros that make it very easy to move around.
- Manhyia Palace
This is the seat and official residence of the Asantehene.
Its large courtyard holds statues of past great Kings and Queens of the Ashanti Kingdom. Located on the Antoa road just a kilometer from the National museum, this palace was built in 1926 on the return from exile of the then Asantehene, Nana Prempeh 1. Best time to visit is during the Adae festival, which occurs every sixth Sunday when the Asantehene receives homage from his subjects and sub chiefs.
- Komfo Anokye Sword
The ‘unmovable’ Sword of the OKomfo Anokye remains in the ground at the OKomfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, where he pushed it into the ground, almost 300yrs ago. It is believed that OKomfo Anokye pronounced that no one would be able to remove the sword, and so it has remained in spite of several attempts. The sword marks the spot where the Golden stool initially descended from the sky and legend has it that the state would collapse should it ever be pulled out of the ground.
- The Prempeh 1 Jubilee Museum
Located in the Centre for national Culture grounds, the museum houses a fascinating collection of Ashanti History such as memorabilia of OKomfo Anokye, including the 300yr old antique treasure bag which he forbid anyone to open, A number of royal stools –one of which is said to be the fake golden stool attempted to use in deceiving the British authorities in 1900, A picture of the real Golden stool which rarely appears in public. An entrance fee [token] is charged.
NB: Photography is forbidden
- Royal Mausoleums and Museums
The final resting place of Ashanti Royals [Bantama and Breman]
May be visited with consent of the Manhyia palace.
- Kumasi Fort and MuseumThis is probably the oldest building in Kumasi. This is where Yaa Asantewaa the Queen Mother of Ejisu and the initiator of the Ashanti rebellion was imprisoned. Close to this fort 200m away is the cemetery that contains graves of British casualties of the Yaa Asantewaa war.
- Kente WeavingGhana’s National cloth is one indigenous handcraft that has won worldwide recognition. There are about 150 types of Kente patterns, each having a name taken out a proverb or to commemorate an important event in the community of the weavers. Bonwire is one of the two capitals of Kente weaving in Ghana. In this Village of interesting Ashanti-styled buildings, the knack of Kente weaving has been passed on from generation to generation. Other towns in Ashanti region where Kente is woven include, Bepoase, Adanwomase, Wonoo and Amampe.
- Wood CarvingSpecial wood carvings such as stools can be found at Ahwiaa located 9km on the Asante Mampong road and Ofoase.
- Owabi Wildlife Sanctuary
Home of variety of birds and the huge African python, the sanctuary is 10km north of Kumasi.
- The Bomfobiri Wildlife Sanctuary
This has waterfalls, antelopes, crocodiles and primates.
- Bobiri Forest Reserve
This forest reserve is located 35km southeast of Kumasi.
Kogyae Natural reserve is located 75km northeast of Kumasi near Ejura. It protects about 5 species of Monkey.
- Lake Bostomtwi
It is located 31km southeast of Kumasi. The sacred lake is located in a crater and ringed by rugged mountains This lake is surrounded by dozens of virgin fishing and farming villages. The lake Basin is ideal for mountaineering, diving, swimming, fishing, walking and relaxation. Tradition forbids the use of dugout canoes and paddles on this lake. It is by far the most expansive natural fresh water body in Ghana with a surface area of around 25km2 and the deepest (90m). It is accessible by road from Kumasi, the normal base for visits to the lake is a village called Abono, a village on the northern shore, which has a pleasant and upmarket hotel.
- Ashanti Goldfields
This Gold mine is located in Obuasi, 50km South-West of Kumasi. It is one of the richest gold mines in the world and listed on the Johannesburg, Paris, Brussels, and London, New York, Austrailia and Ghana stock exchanges. It has recently being merged with the biggest mining company in South Africa, Anglogold to become Anglogold Ashanti Ltd.
- Kejetia Market
It is reputed to be one of West Africa’s largest, busiest and popular open markets. It is located in the center of Kumasi. This 12-hectare market has over 10,000 traders operating within it. It is worth dedicating some time to. It is located southeast of Kejetia Circle.
- Kumasi Zoo
Established in 1957, it inhabits a modest selection of Ghana’s wildlife. A more phenomenal feature of the zoo is the thousands of bats that rest on trees in the zoo and quite an incredible sight if you have never seen a large bat colony.
- National cultural Center
Located on the Bantama road, just five minutes from the Kejetia Circle, this is a good place to start exploring the Ashanti region. Set up to create a venue for the reinforcement of Akan culture where folklore and cultural displays often take place, the very helpful regional tourist office located here can give you information on any new tourist developments. There is an excellent crafts market located here.
- The Baba Yara Stadium
The people living in Kumasi love their football and there is a great atmosphere at the baba Yara stadium. Located on the Hudson road, the stadium comes to life when the local clubs are playing. Other sporting facilities are available.
BRONG AHAFO REGION
Created out of the Ashanti Region in 1959, Brong Ahafo is the second largest region in land size. It is a great agricultural region with cocoa plantations and extensive Forest reserves. It is also known for its wildlife and wood processing. The region has a multiplicity of ethnic groups, physical features and cultural practices
Sunyani, the capital of the Brong Ahafo Region is linked to Accra by a first class road and is about seven hours driving between them, at a relatively regular pace. From Sunyani you may then begin your tour, which will take you to the major tourist attractions of Brong Ahafo
Brong Ahafo, has thirteen (13) administrative districts: Sunyani, Asutifi, Tano, Berekum, Dormaa Asunafo, Techiman, Wenchi, Sene, Nkoranza, Atebubu, Jaman and Kintampo [which is recognized as the geographical center of Ghana]
Brong Ahafo is also particularly known for its handicrafts, such as, kente weaving in Yamfo, Adinkra stamping (Asuaoye), and pottery in Odumase and woodcarving in Chiraa. Interesting among them is the ancient craft of making tree bark cloth called “kyekyen” at the villages of Nsuta 20km from Techiman and Boama The main dishes of the Brong Ahafo Region include fufu with “Kyirinkaase” dry powdered okro soup, plantain and yam “ampesi”.
The Center of Ghana
A tourist spot pointed close to kintampo is said to be the geographical center of Ghana
Yeji is a town with a population of about 35,000 inhabitants located on the shores of Lake Volta in the Atebubu District in the Brong Ahafo Region. The strategic location of the town has turned it into an important market centre and a major transport hub, which serves as a transit point between the north and south of Ghana for goods and people. If you want to cross the lake to reach Tamale you must board the ferry at 9.15 am [local fishing boat 8am and 9am] for a fee. It takes just about 45 min. It is much more interesting to take the fishing boat, arrive 30mins earlier if you want to have some space. You can catch the STC bus from here to Tamale [Takes Approx. 2-3hrs].
The heritage of Brong Ahafo
The history and culture of Brong Ahafo comes alive if you visit the Hani archaeological site Located 50km from Wenchi. This site is important for prehistoric finds such as terracotta figures and primitive rock inscriptions, inhabited by the Benghos about 1200BC. Also important, is the Kwaku Fri shrine at Nwoase 6km from Wenchi. The shrine is only accessible to visitors on Wednesdays and Sundays.
Ancient Amowi Caves
Boabeng-Fiema Monkey Sanctuary is located along the way between Techiman and Kintampo. It is Ghana’s most famous example of traditional African conservation. The sanctuary is nestled in between the two villages of Boabeng and Fiema. For more than 150 years people of Boabeng and Fiema have considered the monkeys sacred. The traditional beliefs in both communities prohibit physical harm to the monkeys. There are two types of monkeys, the Campbell’s Mona forest Monkeys, which number about 500 in the sanctuary and are brown in colour. These monkeys can be seen trying to steal food from local kitchens. The Geoffry’ Pied Columbus Monkey, are black and white in colour and are about 200 in sanctuary. Early in the morning, visitors can hear them calling loudly to one another. Despite their sacred status within Boabeng and Fiema, these monkeys do not enjoy this status in many other places around the world; they are currently listed as vulnerable internationally and likely to become endangered if the present rate of habitat change and hunting continues. Boabeng-Fiema monkey sanctuary is the only place in Africa where one can easily view this species in their numbers.
You can amble through trails in the lush forest, led by a tour guide watching for monkeys on the ground and in the canopy of the trees above. You will see a variety of butterflies, birds and over 90 identified species of trees. The guide will also lead you on a tour of the villages where you can see monkeys interacting with people. You will see monkeys on the ground, on roofs, jumping from house to house , and in the courtyards of homes. You may also explore the villages on your own after the initial guided tour. Please respect local people when exploring the villages.
These beautiful falls are hidden away in the woods close to Kumasi/Kintampo highway. The falls is only 4km away from the town on the Kintampo-Tamale highway. This is the point where the Pumpu River falls some seventy (70) metres down beautiful rocky steps to continue its journey towards the Black Volta at Buipe.
The Kintampo fall is shaped as a large staircase.
Located some 7km west of Kintampo, the Fuller falls gently over a series of foaming rapids of the Oyoko River (tributary of the Black Volta at Yabraso). It provides a scenic beauty at the site of the falls as it continues its journey towards the Black Volta, whose waters mysteriously disappear underground.
The Volta River flows along the eastern edge of Brong Ahafo. A visit to the port of Yeji makes a pleasant excursion. Local Fishermen land their catch here and the boats from Akosombo stop off here.
Bui National Park and Dam
This park which is close to the Cote d’Ivoire border protects an area of 1,821km2 on either side of the Black Volta.
It is well known for its hippos (the largest in Ghana) mostly seen in the dry season, and big antelopes such as the roan and hartebeest. Three crocodile species occur in the river At the Bui gorge, south of the park is the site where the Bui damm has been built. Tourist facilities here are basic, even though recently renovated but the park is very ideal for backpackers. The most popular activity here is the trip up the river with local fishermen
Boabeng Fiema Monkey Sanctuary
This is a 35 hectare patch of woodland including the villages of Boabeng and Fiema.
The woodland is home to two types of monkeys, the Black and White Geoffrey’s Colobus, and smaller Campbell’s Mona. The Mona monkeys travel in troupes of 15 – 50. This beautiful woodland is home to over 500 Monas and 200 Colobus monkeys. There are also sightings of Green, Patas, Spot – Nosed and Diana monkeys.
- Apoo Festival
The people of Techiman and Wenchi in the Brong Ahafo Region celebrate this festival. Activities involve purification of the people in the two tradition areas to cleanse them of social evils. Its significance is to gain
favour from royal ancestors to ensure bumper harvest at the end of the year.
- Kwafie Festival
It is a weeklong celebration held in November and December. Celebrated by the chiefs and people of Dormaa Ahenkro
- Fordjour (Yam Festival)
It is celebrated in the months of August and September. This yam festival is celebrated annually by the chiefs and people of Badu in the Wenchi district.
- Sasabobirim Festival
This festival is celebrated by the chiefs and people of Awuah Domase near Sunyani. It is a week-long annual festival celebrated in November, remembrance of their brave chief who joined Yaa Ashantewaa (the then queen mother of Ejisu in the Ashanti region) to fight the Europeans in the early 20th century.
This region is known as “The heartbeat of Ghana tourism” because of its pivotal role in the development of tourism in the country, and it’s wealth of beaches, forts and castles, festivals and fax. There are several good hotels you can lodge. Cape Coast is the regional capita. It was the first capital of the Britain’s colony and is steeped in history is popularly referred to as ‘Oguaa’ Historical sightseeing and lazing on the beaches are the core tourist activities in the area. The main dishes of the Central Region are “dorkunu” or kenkey with fish, jollof rice, “fante fante” (okro stew with small fresh fish) and tatale and ampesi.
How to get there
By road there is the main Accra-Cape Coast road, the main Kumasi-Yamoransa -Cape Coast road, the Takoradi-CapeCoast road. All these make Cape Coast very accessible from whichever part of the country you may find yourself.
- The Beaches
- Brenu Beach:
- Elmina Beach
- Breni Akyinim:
Traditional Fishing Villages
Along the coast of the Central Region is a succession of busy fishing villages and traditional market towns that reflect the distinct cultures of the district. Visitors to all the villages are always welcomed with traditional Ghanaian hospitality.
Winneba: Famous for its fishing fleet, Masquerade festival and local ceramics.
Mankessim: Well known for its Posuban shrine and busy market.
Kromantse/Abandze: Twin fishing villages, one of the important trading centers to which the late Louis Armstrong, the great jazz player, traced his ancestry. Craft Villages of the Central Region are famed for their traditional crafts that are still worked as their forefathers have worked for generations.
They all make great souvenirs of your visit to the Central Region.
Particularly important villages are: Winneba – [Beautiful and unusual ceramics, Gomoa-Otsew-Jukwa – [Village of pottery makers] Bobikuma – [rattan products] Bamboo Orchestra at Masomagor
The youth at the village of Masomagor have revived a traditional art, by performing with bamboo percussion instruments to music and Dance. It is worth taking a look at their performance.
This village is close to the Kakum National Park.
CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL HERITAGE
Castles and Forts
The Cape Coast Castle.
The Castle was the headquarters of the British merchants and the seat of government until 1877. It now houses the West African Historical Museum where exhibits range from the prehistoric period to the mid-19th Century. The dark underground dungeons where the slaves were held and the auction halls are places of great importance to most African-Americans because of the nostalgia they evoke.
Fort William – Anomabu
This fort was the focus of intense European rivalry in the 17th and 18th century, because of its easy access to the rich hinterland and the powerful and astute local Anomabu traders. Built initially by the Dutch and changed hands four times, to the Swedes, then to the Danes back to the Dutch and finally to the English.
Built in 1482, it is said to be the oldest European-built structure in black Africa and is rated as one of the World’s Heritage Sites. Built by the Portuguese because it was strategically located for their trading Fort
This site has gained importance due to their gateway role into settlers, as well as the part they played in the slave trade. It is also rated as one of the World’s Heritage Sites.
The Slave River (Donkor Nsuo)
Located at Assin Manso on the Cape Coast-Kumasi road, this river, also known as “Donkor Nsuo”, is said to be the last bathing place of the slaves before they were locked up in the castle to await their journey to the “New World”.
WILDLIFE AND NATURE RESERVES
Kakum National Park
This is a 357km2 national park comprising of undisturbed virgin rainforest. Excellent walking tours (and a canopy walkway) through the forest provide the opportunity to see much of Ghana’s indigenous plant life, as well as rare butterflies, birds and game (that could include the extraordinary bongo and forest elephant). Highlights include: Forest walks, Treetop canopy walkway, Bird watching. Medicinal plants, Kakum Conservation Area Tree House. The Kakum Conservation Area consists of the Kakum National Park and the nearby Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve. It is a fairly old national park, established in 1932. There are seven primate species including the Diana monkey, about 550 species of butterflies. 250 species of birds including five hornbill species, the Frazer-eagle, owl and the African grey and Senegal parrots, and about 100 species of mammals, reptiles and amphibians (forty species of larger mammals).
The tree house walk can take you about 2 or 3 hours. It is guided by trained experts in the area and follows a trail through cocoa farms, bamboo forests, until you reach the Kakum forest where the hike turns to be more of a jungle experience. The tree house is situated 40 feet above the forest floor and within sight of the tallest/Largest tree of the forest where elephants can sometimes be seen scrounging for fallen fruit.
NB: you can spend the night but make sure you call for reservations.
Coastal Ramsar Sites
¦ Muni-Pomadze Ramsar Site
The Muni-Pomadze Site encompasses an area of about 90-km2 comprising the water shed of the Muni Lagoon. However, the lagoon and flood plains is only 114ha. Eleven communities/settlements within the site fall under the Awutu-Efutu-Senya and Gomoa Districts. Farming and fishing are the main vocation of the people. The lagoon extends about 15 km inland.
This 300 year old Festival is celebrated by the people of Simpa or Winneba in the Central Region of Ghana. It is probably the most famous festival in the country, in which Winneba’s two oldest Asafo companies, dressed in full traditional regalia, compete to be the first to hunt down and capture alive an antelope using their bare hands. The captured animal is sacrificed to the oracles at the Pemkye Otu Fetish
It started around the 1920’s and is celebrated on the 1st of January every year and draws large crowds from all over. Fancy dressed groups take part in this festival competition wearing masks accompanied by brass bands. It begins in the morning of the New Year.
This festival is a novel Christmas introduced to the people of Elmina during the Dutch era of the colonial period. The period coincides with the Dutch Festival, which falls on the first Thursday of January every year and marked in Elmina to signify the bond of friendship between the Dutch and the people of Elmina. On the eve of the festival, the Paramount chief climbs up Fort ST. Jago and fires shots at midnight to usher in the New Year.
Edina Bakatue Festival
If literally translated Edina Bakatue means “The opening of the Lagoon” or “the Draining of the Lagoon”.
It is celebrated to commemorate the founding of the town. Sacred food to the river god and prays for peace, There is a spectacular ride on the lagoon by women resplendent in “Kente” cloth’
and local festive headgears
The festival, literally meaning “path-clearing”, is celebrated by the people of Agona in the Central Region.
Pan-African Historic Festival is a major biennial event of cultural forum for Africans and people of African descent as well as friends of the continent committed to the noble cause of Pan Africanism.
The venues for the Panafest are the historical towns of Cape Coast and Elmina. The festival is a celebration of African cultural values, history and civilization.
The Odwira Festival which is celebrated by the Denkyira, it people runs for weeks, beginning at Jukwa, the traditional capital, and ends at Dunkwa-on Offin, the administrative capital
Fetu Afahye (Carnival)
Fetu Afahye Festival is probably the most important calendar amongst the Fantes and is celebrated by the people of Oguaa or Cape Coast Traditional Area in the Central Region. It is named after the 17th Century Fetu or Effutu kingdom which, is located 19 kilometers inland of Cape Coast. It is celebrated on the 1st of September every year and the main feature of this festival is the state purification rites, it is very colourful festival and it’s like a grand festival, there is a processing of chiefs, drumming, dancing and firing of musketry. There is also a display of traditional priests and priestesses on Monday night, which attracts large crowd mainly the youth and thousands of people including foreigners and travellers from all over the country witness the festival. This festival has effect of creating in the people a feeling of pride in their cultural heritage and spiritual affinity.
Another significant feature ceremony “Bakatue” involves cutting through the sand bar separating the Fosu lagoon and the sea to allow the lagoon access into the sea presumably to bring more fish into the lagoon, g The Omanhene (Paramount Chief) as part of the event, pours libation to the deity, Nana Fosu, his net is cast three times into the lagoon to signify the lifting of the ban on lagoon fishing. Various fishermen’s groups in the municipality organize a regatta or board race on the lagoon. A grand Durban climaxes the festival.
The EASTERN REGION
The Eastern region is rich in natural beauty, dramatic ladscape, historic and traditional cultures. It shares boundary on the north with Brong-Ahafo and Ashanti Regions, on the East with Volta Region, on the west with Central and Greater Accra on the south. The capital town of the Eastern Region is Koforidua about 85km from Accra. The main language spoken is Twi of which each ethnic group has its own distinct language.
It is certainly not geared towards up market tourism as compared to the busy west coast where you are constantly bombarded if you are a tourist. There is a total lack of hassle from locals and an immensely refreshing quiet if you backpack and enjoy hiking. It is one part of Ghana where you feel the reputation and justification of Africa’s friendliest people.
How to get there!
The Eastern region is easily accessible from most of the other regions with very good roads. However you can easily reach Koforidua through some major routes from Accra the Suhum-Koforidua road, the Aburi-Larteh-Koforidua road, the Bunsu-Tafo road if you are from Kumasi all make getting to Koforidua fairly simple.
Tetteh Quarshie’s Cocoa Farm
The first cocoa farm established in the Country from seeds first brought from Fernando Po Island. From this small beginning grew our major cocoa industry. Slave Market of Abonse. Traces of the 17th and 18th century slave market can still be seen in a town that was an important crossroad on the Slave Route.
Okomfo Anokye’s Shrine
60km from Koforidua, this important shrine is dedicated to the legendary priest credited with the founding of the Asante Empire. Akonedi Shrine, Larteh on the Akwapim Ridge the fetish shrine is an important place of traditional healing and religious ceremonies. Larteh is 56km north of Accra, on the Akwapim Ridge. There you will find the Akonedi Shrine a place where herbal medicine as well as psychic healing is practiced by the fetish. A fee is charged to observe religious ceremonies. The Wonderful oil Palm Tree, this spectacular freak of nature has six full branches (sprouting from a single stem).
The Presbyterian Training College: Located on the hills of Akropong overlooking the valley, this college
is one of the earlier schools built by missionaries who first came to Ghana. It has a lot of history to offer and a popular destination for tourists.
WILDLIFE AND NATURE RESERVES
This century -old garden, originally created in 1890 just as an agricultural research station, its a home to large variety of subtropical trees and plants that attracts cores of birds and butterflies and has had a guest list that includes Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II (1960) and her son, the Prince of Wales (1977). A public park for recreation, situated in the town of Aburi, the gardens located in the Akwapim Hills, 38km from Accra, just an hour drive and has indoor-outdoor restaurants and facilities for staying overnight. The Bunso Arboretum Forest Reserve. The Bunso Arboretum is a protected forest reserve, spanning 16.5 hectares. Half of this area is semi-deciduous forest while the other half is made up of indigenous trees, along with fruits, and timber tree species, which have been introduced to Ghana by the Plant Genetic Resources Center of Bunso. The Arboretum is home to over 110 species of birds, some of which are very rare. The protected Arboretum offers them a peaceful place to call home. The herb garden, which is located in the Arboretum contains 100 different species of herbs with a wide range of uses, from food to medicinal to aromatic. Visitors can stroll through the many kilometres of nature trails in the arboretum. Guests can identify the local trees and plants along the way and learn about all the local uses for diverse tree and plant life in the arboretum. Trees and plants play a very big role in life in Ghana, both for food and medicinal purposes.
The Biggest Tree in West Africa
This is near Akim-Oda, and is supposed to be the largest tree in West Africa, measuring 128m with a girth of about 11 meters.
The Great Boabab Tree (Adansonia Digitata)
This peculiar giant baobab tree is another attraction situated just north of the entrance to the great Dodowa Forest. It served a very interesting purpose during the Kantamanso war. The Shai warriors were said to have fired their last bullets into this tree to declare the War was over on 26th August, 1826. It was alleged that bullets used consisted of beads, beans, millet rice, salt, black potions and talismans on locally prepared gunpowder. The big tree displays the “bumps” or “hunches” as “wounds” caused by the bullets till this day.
The Akosombo Dam and Volta Lake
The construction of the hydroelectric dam across the Volta River in 1965, gave rise to one of the largest man-made lakes in the world. It stretches from Akosombo in the south to Buipe in the north, cutting across five regions. You can also travel up country to Kete-Krachi-kojokrom-Yeji via the Volta lake transport Company, using the Ferry. The Ferry leaves only on Mondays Mid-afternoon for Yeji [a 28hour journey] this ferry is not the same as the cruising boat ‘The Dodi Princess’ used around the Dodi Island. It is rudimentarily comfortable if you travel first class [NB: only Ghanaian dishes served on board] But be sure to visit the village of Kete Krachi where the boat stops briefly, then continues to Yeji where it arrives late [10pm] the following evening.
The eastern region is endowed with a number of beautiful waterfalls
- The Boti Falls:
Located in Koforidua in the forest reserve at huhunya, is the most popular and spectacular, sadly is only seasonal.
- Waterfalls of Begoro:
The Trudu, Akrum and Osuben are a series of falls and cascades, surrounded by attractive woodlands and forest all in Begoro, are interesting to visit if you have the time to picnic. The Tsenku Waterfall: Sits at the northern corner of the Dodowa Forest, taking its source from Obosmase (Akwapim range). This beautiful waterfall drops from a height of over 250 feet, running on stratified rocks into a pan of cool, clean and clear pool with thousands of tilapia.
Arkaah Falls at Kyeremateng
Asenema Falls at Asenema
The Tsenku stream is joined by two other streams “Sanyade” and Popotsi” before meandering into the sea.
The Atewa Range
This is home to several birds and rare butterfly species, including Africa’s largest butterfly, the Giant Swallow.
Atewa-Atwirebu Butterfly Sanctuary
10km north of Kibi is the magic forest of Atewa-Atwirebu. This nature lovers’ paradise has over 150 different species of fems and other flora. The forest is filled with the enchanting sounds of birds and insects including the “Papillio Antimactus”, one of the largest butterflies in Africa.
The Kwahu scarp and theAkwapem-Togo Mountains
These are also prominent sites in the region. This is also where Ghana’s annual paragliding festival is held. Even though this event is just two years old it seems to be gaining popularity and attracting paragliders all over the world. Log on to www.ghanaparagliding.com
The Krobo, Kwahu and the Aburi areas are important woodcarving and pottery centers. Enyeresi is another woodcraft center well known for cane production.
The diamond town of Akwatia, even though is on the decline is an interesting place to visit.
Bobum or Dipo Festival
Dipo is celebrated in April by the people of Manya and Yilo Krobo in the towns of Krobo Odumase and Somanya, about 80 kilometers north of Accra. The mode of celebration is that, adolescent girls are adorned in beautiful beads and half-clothed. The festival initiates such girls.
Celebrated in Aburi, Akropong-Akwapim,Larteh, Amanorkrom, and Ahwerase in the period of September/October. It is significant for the annual thanksgiving to God for his merciful care and protection. The festival is mainly the dramatization of Akwapem sacred traditions, myths and olden day legends, handed down by the ancestors of the “Oman”. It involves the re-staging of some of the antiquated historical episodes like traditional military tactics. This festival was instituted by the 19th Omanhene of Akropong, resulting from the capture of the artifacts (pertaining to the celebration of Odwira) by Akwapem forces from the hitherto invincible Ashanti army during the historic battle of Katamansu near Dodowa in 1826.
This is the annual traditional harvest and thanksgiving festival of the Krobo people. The people of Manya and Yilo Krobo celebrate it in March-April.
This festival is celebrated by the Chiefs and people of New Juaben Traditional Area in the first week of November each year.
Begoro Odwira Festival (Ahwie Festival)
It is an occasion for dedicated worship of great titular gods and goddesses of the nation, the period for the cleansing of filth and purification of sacred stools
This festival is celebrated in Akyem (Abuakwa Traditional area). The festival is celebrated twice a year. These are known as OhumKan and OhumKyire and celebrated in June/July and September/ October respectively. It is also celebrated by the Akwapems.
Klovo Sikplemi Festival
Celebrated in Somanya during the period of November and its significance is paying homage to ancestral home on the Krobo mountains.
Welcome to Accra
Accra, the capital and largest city in the country is situated on the Atlantic Coast about 25km west of the Greenwich Meridian. It has a population estimated at about 3 million and this consists of the Ga-Adangbe[the indigenous folk] and many other ethnic groups.
It is relatively a modern city with a few high-rise buildings, however the urban landscape is still that of a developing city. One can still find some old colonial building especially close to the castle [the seat of government] in Osu, Jamestown, Chorkor etc.
Its main roads are mostly first class roads and it is very easy to move around. Some of the streets however still remain scruffy lanes, lined with open sewers and are untarred (especially towards the outskirts). The city also still has pockets of unplanned sections, which some areas noisy and sometimes chaotic in activity. Its however a safe and a relaxing city.
BY AIR- Most international Airlines fly to the recently renovated Kotoka International Airport in Accra
Internal: City link and Antrak Air flies from Accra to Kumasi, Sunyani and Tamale on a daily basis.
Buses and Coaches
Government has recently introduced large buses on some routes, for mass transportation in the cities and intra cities. This is not yet entirely efficient but has helped ease some of the congestion in town. A few London styled double-decker buses have also been introduced on certain routes. These are the cheapest forms of Transport Union (GPRTU) runs a fairly effective service. Several mini buses and lorries from this Union, known as ‘Tro-tro’, run regular routes in the inner city and though congested and often rickety, it is the quickest and most inexpensive way to travel.
However if you want to travel beyond Accra into other cities, the most popular is the national bus line, the Intercity STC Coaches. This bus line services most of the larger cities in Ghana. It is pretty reliable, gets you there relatively fast, and is probably the safest method of travel. For long trips outside the city, other bus services you can count on include, V.I.P Transport service, O.A Transport services, GH. Express, SAR Transport, S.O Frimpong Transport, Ghana Private Road Transport Union (GPRTU), WEDAM Travel, and several others.
This is probably the best way to travel in the city. They are abundant in the cities and towns and come in different types, some are metered and registered (thus easy to trace others are not. The registered ones have fixed prices, but with the others, prices have to be negotiated. The distinctive Ghana taxis with yellow painted mudguards are in plenty and run a shared and hire service. The passenger [shared] service picks and drops passengers along a particular route and the hired service [charter/dropping], which any taxi would usually oblige, picks only one passenger and takes them directly to their destination. You must however determine what you pay before embarking on your journey. Different rates apply for different trips.
La Pleasure Beach
This is the most popular beach and very busy during holiday and weekends and is located behind La Beach Hotel. Expect to pay an entrance fee, which is rather on the high side.
Next Door’ Beach Resort
Located at Teshie, east of Accra, it is a popular entertainment spot for residents of Accra and visitors.
Ningo prampram beach
Further east of Accra (about 45km) on the Aflao road exists this splendid beach. There exists a 2- star hotel on the beachfront and a modern polo grounds and club.
Korle beach Resort
This interesting resort is located on the Accra beach road. A budget hotel on Korle-Gonno Beach front is becoming popular for holidaymakers.
Kokrobite Beach Resort
25 km west of Accra, it’s the first beach you see on your way to Cape coast. This beach is also home to the Academy of African music and arts. Very busy on Saturday and Sundays, Where you will be entertained by musicians and acrobats, you will be expected to pay an entrance fee.
New Coco Beach Resort
Located at Teshie-Nungua, east of Accra, it has a serene atmosphere with excellent accommodation. It is a perfect place to relax. The beach is misty, rather rocky and not so good for swimming.
Ada Manet Paradise Beach Resort
The Manet Paradise Beach Hotel is 90 minutes’ drive from Accra. This beach resort is located on the lower estuary of the Volta River. Manet Paradise Beach Resort has a beautiful swimming pool and is well known for water sports such as Jet Ski, sailing, swimming (pool, river or ocean) and deep sea fishing. Visits to neighboring island communities are organized to experience African arts & crafts, such as basket and straw mat weaving. There are also visits to architectural heritage sites in the area.
The Markets of Accra
Amongst the most famous markets of Accra are Makola Market (the cities central market0 located on Kojo Thompson road, and the Osu Night Market, where market stalls are illuminated by hundreds of lanterns and candles. Kwame Nkrumah Circle, popularly called ‘Circle’ is the only part of the city that has a market and eating joints that stay up all night.
Osu ‘Oxford’ Street
This is the most toruristy area of Accra. Its name and likeness to the famous Oxford Street in Loundon thus indicating how every tourist who visits Ghana goes to this pace. The main street, Cantoments Rd and those around the area have plenty of good hotels, Casinos, night clubs and restaurants of all kinds.
There are a lot of fast foods joints that do a lot of junk food and International foods like Chinese, Indian, Lebanese, and French etc. However for those who like Ghanaian food better or would like to try it for the first time, there are big and really clean western styled restaurants nearby. You can also go very local with some very clean Chop Bars [local name for eating places]
If you like clubbing or drinking bars there are loads of places to choose from. Depending on the style of music atmosphere and crowd you prefer. Osu has something for everyone.
Shai Hills Reserve
The conservation area in the Shai Hills is part of Ghana’s commitment to the preservation of its natural heritage and wildlife. Game viewing is recommended during the dry months of November to April
Formerly known as Christiansburg Castle and built in 1659, it has been the seat of government since the early 1920s. It is the official residence of the President os Ghana, and does not open to the general public.
The African Market
This Market is one of the largest one-stop shops for African goods in Ghana. This 3-storey building outlet located in Osu, displays home furnishings, clothing, paintings, beads, precious metals in the finest jewelry, dolls, artifacts from the Egyptian Pyramids, leather bags from Benin, Raffia mats and copper wares from Zimbabwe, silver from Niger and Ethiopia, Gold from Ghana and South Africa, souvenirs and many more. Look out for the Bomukasa studio renowned craftsman, for exclusive woodwork. You can also have a taste of different African dishes if hungry from Kate’s party restaurant
Festivals in Accra
Homowo: The famous Homowo festival takes place in August and September every year in Accra.
Christiansburg Castle – Accra
Christiansburg Castle is unique among the castles and forts as it served as Government House during various periods in the 19th centuries and continues to play that role today.
This is the venue for many national celebrations. The Independence Arch and an open place where ceremonies are held.
A memorial square dedicated to fallen soldiers, where there is a perpetual flame at the cenotaph, also now known as the Revolution Square.
Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum & Memorial Park
The Mausoleum is a magnificent Marble Monument and the last resting place of the first President of Ghana, a famous Pan-Africanist. This is located on the High Street.
SPORTS AND LEISURE-
There are several sports facilities & activities that can help keep you fit and entertained.
All major hotels have sporting facilities including those for lawn tennis and swimming. For more information on hotel or other sporting facilities, log on to www.yellowpages.gh or for more information on sports log on to www.ghana.gov.gh
Golf: Celebrity Golf Club [off Tema Beach Road, Sakumono], Achimota Golf Club [Achimota] Tema Golf Club [Tema-Kpone Road]
Tennis: Accra Lawn Tennis Club [Ridge] Tesano Sports Club [Tesano] Aviation Social Centre [Airport] this is a center where health and fitness, leisure and recreation are all combined under one roof. Facilities includes a Tennis Court, Volley/Basketball Court, Children’s playground, Bar/ Restaurant, Banqueting Hall & Garden, Happy Hour every Friday is something you should not miss.
Others: Polo club, Polo [lose to Granada Hotel, Airport Area] National Hockey pitch, hockey [Accra] Accra sports stadium [For football and other sporting activities] La Raceway Club, Go-carting [Behind Trade Fair Center, La]
THE NORTHERN REGION
Tamale, the capital, is the country’s fourth largest city and the obvious gateway to the northern region. The region is bounded on the north by the Upper East and Upper West regions, on the west by Cote D`Ivoire and on the east by Togo. The regions on the south are the Brong Ahafo and Volta regions. The main ethnic groups are Dagomba, Nanumba, Mamprusi, Gonja and Komkombas. Other groups include Chekosis, Bimobas and Vaglas. It is the nerve centre of all commercial activities in the whole of the Northern Sector of Ghana. Tamale is an incredible juxta-position of the ancient and modern. The traditional architecture of round huts with conical thatched roofs are sight to see. It is also the t home of Ghana’s first University of Development Studies.
The main dishes of the Northern Region include “TZ or “Tuo Zaafi” rice balls or “Omo Tuo” with groundnut or green leaves soups, beans or cowpea with sheanut oil and pepper called “Tubaani” “Koko” or millet/corn porridge eaten with “Koose” fried bean balls. Beverages include “Pito”, a locally brewed beer from millet, or toasted millet flour in water and “fula” mashed in water, milk, ginger and sugar
How to get there By Road
There are several STC and private buses that connect Tamale to Accra and Kumasi on a daily basis except Sundays either through the Techiman and Kintampo route or the road connecting Kumasi to Wa via Wenchi and Bole
You can also reach Tamale by using the weekly Ferry service from Akosombo to Yeji on the Volta Lake.
You can catch a daily flight either with Antrak air, Star bow or City link from Kumasi or Accra.
CULTURAL & HISTORICAL HERITAGE
Slave Route of Northern Ghana
The Northern Region was a major arena of slave raiders and a key supply source for slaves who were sent to markets and sold to local merchants from the South. They were subsequently marched on the coast and resold to European traders for export.
It is the oldest and the largest Sudanic-Style mosque in the country, dating as far back as the 13th Century. In the building is a Koran, which is as old as the mosque itself. It is believed to have been first built by Moorish Traders and is one of the holiest sites in Ghana. The village is nice but finding somewhere to eat can be quite difficult.
Larabanga Mystery Stone
Legend has it that this stone on the outskirts of Larabanga always returns to its original resting place when moved. Due to this legend the main road that runs through this area had to be diverted around the stone. Nalerigu defence wall located 120km from Bolgatanga. The remnants of this ancient wall in the Gambaga scarps is said to have been built in the 16th century to protect inhabitants.
WILDLIFE AND NATURE RESERVES
The Mole National Park
This National Park offers a great Safari-like experience and is one of the biggest elephant sanctuaries in Africa. The largest of Ghana’s National Parks and situated in the heart of the Guinea savannah woodland ecosystem, it is home to 93 mammalian species. 33 reptiles, 9 amphibians and an estimated 300 species of birds. One hundred and seventy kilometers west of Tamale in the West Gonja District, is the Mole National Park. The scenic ride to Mole, though rough, is ideal for adventurous visitor. Game protection and viewing roads have been developed within the park. Tourist facilities exist. You can get to this park from Tamale by catching a bus at 2.30 pm; make sure you buy your own food and drinks for the journey. The 4-hour journey to the park from Tamale is not very good as the roads are not exactly perfect but it is also an exciting trip to make. This is the best equipped of the country’s park reservations. Nice hotel with swimming pool in the middle of the reserve. There is a basic 33-bed, no frills hotel facility, which overlooks an elephant bath, offers overnight accommodation and restaurant facilities. Additionally, composite facilities are available for visitors. A landing strip for small aircraft provides the option of air access to Mole.
Bui National Park
In the Soufh-Western corner of the region, the park is noted for its hippopotamus population. It has a savannah and riverine landscape that encompasses a portion of the Black Volta River. Part of this park extends into the Brong Ahafo Region. Not very accessible and has no receptive facilities.
Traditional textile in the North is the Fugu. The main centers for its production are Yendi, Gushiegu and Tamale. In Doboya the only economic activity is the Fugu. A visit there would include a boat ride, fishing, and the chance to see salt mining a bird sanctuary and a stopover at Jaagbo shrine. Jakarayili and Kikuo in Tamale are villages where giant pots are made. The Lobi’s in Bole District produce exotic water pots and baskets. Leather is produced in a traditional tannery in Zongoni Tamale for all kinds of leather were by craftsmen around the town.
You can make a stop-over at Gambaga and have the opportunity to visit the Gambaga Kings Palace and the home of the Witches, where you can interact with them. After which you can proceed to Nakpanduri to have a look at the Scarp and there you can experience nature
The Kraal Buildings
Only a few kilometers north or east of Tamale, visitors will discover the first northern-style kraals set amidst their surrounding millet fields. These traditional habitations are totally different from those of southern Ghana.
The Central market in Tamale sells everything from groceries to motorbikes. Visitors will find this colourful market full of hustle and bustle. Tamale is largely Islamic so you’ll find grand mosques and very interesting traditional rustic mosques in which the faithful gather to pray five times each day. A visit to the leather tanners will provide a look at the traditional process of tanning, which produces the beautiful leather products including bags, purses, necklaces and boots. The National Cultural Center, a small zoo, and a botanical garden herbarium are some of the other sites to lookout for.
One hundred and twenty kilometers to the southwest of Tamale is Salaga, the capital of the Gonja East District which used to be the biggest slave-trading center in Northern Ghana.
The original slave market was moved south from Salaga to a settlement called Kafaba. Unfortunately, much of Kafaba is now under the Volta Lake. The present road from Tamale to Salaga is rough terrain. Salaga has a pond called “Wonkan bawa” (a Huasa word meaning “the bathing place of slave”) and a young Baobab tree in what used to be the Slave Market. This existing Baobab is a replacement for an original tree to which slaves were chained and displayed as wares for sale. Merchants from farther north and the forest regions of the south would come and barter salt, cola nuts, cowries, gold, and Europeans drinks for slaves. This historical market presently doubles as a public transportation terminal.
Salaga was an international trade centre and had seven other markets. Wells, which served as water supply sources for the township, and the large migrant trader population and relics such as slave chains can also be found in Salaga. Slave dormitories and other transit housing have been demolished and replaced with new residential dwellings. The chains and other related artefacts are in private possession of some residents and there are few sites of the slave market available to visitors.
Northwest of Tamale are the salt mines of Daboya. Salt was an important and major item of exchange and used in the barter for slave. Salt mining still goes on today, but more than salt, the town is noted for its hand woven and unique textiles, which sell in the market of the Northern Region. The White Volta also runs nearby and offers potential for boating, canoeing and fishing.
Yendi is the seat of the “Yaa Naa’s”, King of the Dagbon State and is 98km southeast of Tamale and connected by ^n excellent paved road. Slave relics such as chains and Babatu’s armour are held in private possessions. Until the First World War, Yendi and other parts of the Northern region were part of Trans Volta Togoland and German colony.
The cemetery, which includes the grave of German soldiers who fell in the war of resistance of the Dagomba against German colonization, can also be found in Yendi.
Yipkabongo is north of Tamale in the Builsa traditional area, with access via Waiewale, the District capital for West Mamprusi, Yikpabongo and three other towns, Tantala, Yeziesi and Kubore are noted for terracotta’s. The area is a rich archaeological site.
These witches’ settlements are located at Ngani in the Yendi district, Gambaga in the east Mamprusi district, and Kukuo in the Bimbilla district and Kpatinga in the Fushegu district. These places are sanctuaries for people mostly women accused of witchcraft in their communities; they are kept here until witchcraft is exorcised. Other sites include the turtle pond at Sambu in the Yendi district and the crocodile pond at Tale 20 kilometers west of Tamale.
This Grave is that of Babatu, the infamous slave raider who was killed during one of forays and buried near his house in Yendi.
Jintigi Fire Festival
It is celebrated by the chiefs and people of Gonjaland in April every year.
It is celebrated under the lunar calendar by the people of Dagbon, Mamprugu, Gonja. Mamprugui, Nanumba. The significance of the festival is to commemorate the birthday of the Holy Prophet of Islam. The activities include prayers and fasting and procession of people on horseback, amidst drumming and dancing.
Bugum Chugu (Fire) Festival
The Bugum Chugu is celebrated throughout the Northern Region by the Dagombas. the Nanumbas and the Mamprusis. It is held under the lunar calendar. The main activity is the procession of celebrants with torches at night amidst music and dancing. The significance of Bugum is to commemorate the search for the lost son of an ancient king.
Kpini Chugu (Guinea Fowl Festival)
The Kpini Chugu is observed in the Dagbon, Mamprugu and Nanung Traditional Areas as a minor festival. These areas are made up of Dagombas, Mamprusis, Nanumbas, Kokombas and Basaris. There is no general celebration. It is observed as a harvest offering to the gods.
Gobandawu (Yam) Festival
Gobandawu marks the beginning of the new harvest season by the traditional areas in the Northern Regions. The main activity is the sacrificial offering of yams and guinea fowl to in-laws. The significance of this festival is to give thanks to the gods for a good harvest
UPPER EAST REGION
THE UPPER EAST REGION
This region is the gateway to Ghana from Burkina Faso, which is the traditional crossroads for the trans-Saharan trade routes. The principal border posts from Burkina Faso are found at Hamale, Kapulima, Paga. Kulungugu and Kassena-Nankana. Bolgatanga (or ‘Bolga’ as it is known locally) is the capital of the region and has always been a meeting point for traders from Mali and Burkina Faso on their way south to Tamale and Southern Ghana.
In the middle of the market of the regional capital Bolgatanga, lies a large flat rock. Quite close to this area is the site where the settlers dug clay for building and polishing their houses. Clay in the Frafra language is “bolga” and rock is “tanga”- thus the place was named Bolgatanga. It is also referred to as the handicrafts capital of Ghana, and is famous for its intricately designed straw baskets, hats and smocks. If you find yourself here do visit the small interesting regional museum. The main dishes of the Upper-East Region are similar to that of the Upper West, “TZ” or “Tuo Zafi” rice balls or Omo Tuo with groundnut soup or green leaves soups, beans, rice and cowpea or “Tubaani”, koko with “koose”. Beverages include pito and “Zom krom”.
How to get there
Bolgatanga is at the north of Tamale and takes an hour drive on newly constructed asphalt road through Walewale. Alternatively you can also come through Navrongo if you are from Burkina Faso
It is easier to get around in this town with some of the teenagers who are very eager, enthusiastic and proud of their town. Be sure to rent a Motorbike for easy movement and just for the fun of it.
CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL HERITAGE
Bargain for renowned straw hats, baskets, leather goods, metal goods, and traditional clothing in a northern market that is a part of the historic trans-Saharan trade routes. Enjoy the lively atmosphere, and chat with traders from the region, Mali, and Burkina Faso about their wares.
Displays in this little Bolgatanga museum include music, hunting, jewellery, weaponry, and chief’s possessions. Beautiful carved darkwood stools and a bronze ancestor vase are the highlights of the collection.
Tongo Whistling Rocks
These rocks create a dramatic presence on the landscape outside Bolgatanga. Only 10km from the city, these rocks also make strange, ghostly whistling sounds during November and December, when the harmattan wind blows off the Sahara through the Northern Region.
Kulungugu Bomb Site
Kulungugu is a minor port of entry in the Bawku District, on the far eastern corner of Ghana’s border with Burkina Faso. This is where in August 1962 an assassination attempt was made on the first President of the Republic of Ghana, Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah. En route to Accra from signing an accord with the President of Burkina Faso for the construction of the hydroelectric project on the Volta, a bomb was planted and blasted at a village school, where he made a short stopover. The bomb blast killed a young school child and injured others. A memorial stands at this site.
Paga is the major port of entry on the Ghana-Burkina Faso border. It is 40 km and a 45-minute drive from Bolgatanga. Paga offers perhaps the most vivid insight into the heritage and vestiges of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, and the lives of captives on the 400-mile march to the South. A slave camp near the sacred crocodile pond provides evidence of the harsh realities of the captives. Holes dug in rocks, which served, as drinking troughs and eating bowls are very visible, as are slabs of rocks that served as auction blocks and graves.
Navrongo-Tono Irrigation Dam
En route to Navrongo is the Tono. A dam on the river is the basis of a major irrigation project. Local out growers produce vegetables and rice mainly. The dam offers opportunities for water sports and relaxation at the guesthouse.
A short drive from Bolgatanga is Pusiga. Legend has it that the founder and ancestor of the Mole-Dagbani kingdom, which extended from Ghana to Burkina Faso, finally settled in this town in the 13th Century. Legend has it that he died here and “buried himself. Where his palace once stood, and where he “buried himself is now a thicket that is revered and treated as a shrine by the local people. Beyond the legend, visitor infrastructure and interpretation is currently unavailable at the shrine.
Thirty minute drive and 18km northwest of Bolgatanga is Navrongo. The key attraction in this town, which is also a major educational center, is the architecturally unique Catholic Cathedral. Also Known as Our Lady of Seven Sorrows, was built in 1906 and is believed to be the last remaining Mud cathedral in, it has mud walls and a traditionally decorated interior. The Catholic Church has recently initiated conservation measures to preserve this icon. Tourists interested in the Christian heritage of Northern Ghana will enjoy touring this Cathedral. Wuriyanga
This ancient mosque, about southeast of Bawku, was built by Muslim missionaries. It showcases typical Sudanese architecture from about 300years ago.
Naa Gbewaa’s Shrine
Located in Pusiga, near Bawku, this shrine marks the spot where the founder of the Mamprusi-Mosie-Nanumba-Dagomba Kingdom, is believed to have disappeared into the ground at the news of the death of his son.
WILDLIFE AND NATURE RESERVES
In Siring and the Bawku area, wildlife species such as the elephant and roan antelope can be found here.
Paga Crocodile Pond
Paga is noted for its sacred pond, which is a sanctuary for crocodiles. The crocodiles are said to be totems for the people of Kassena, who reside in Paga and the surrounding communities. It is believed that each native of Paga has a corresponding crocodile representing each person’s soul. Local tradition has it that there have been actual instances when deaths of important personalities in the community coincided with that of some crocodiles. The reptiles are normally enticed out of the pond by the whistling of the caretaker and the brandishing of a fowl, which the crocodiles quickly snatch with their snouts. If you are courageous, you can sit on, or hold the beast’s tail for a good camera pose. The caretaker charges a fee for the fowl and basic interpretation.
Sirup/ ,Wura/s and Traditional Arts
30km off the Bolga-Navrongo Road, murals done mainly by the women of Sirigu await visitors. Women in this village are committed to keeping threatened traditional arts alive. They also sell baskets, pottery, and other crafts, which are both a livelihood and a proud tradition for the villagers.
Bicycling to the Tongo Rocks and Shrine
The oracle here, consulted mainly by the Ashanti’s, resides in a cave. People come to ask predictions, advice, indigenous cures from the oracle. Pilgrims make ritual stops on their ascent to the cave, and nay also make offerings at the cave opening. Originally, locals carrying a fetish stone were attacked at this spot by swarm of bees. This event caused the people to venerate the place as powerful.
The Gologo or Golib festival is celebrated by the Telensis who reside at Tenzug. The period of celebration is March/April every year. The significance of the festival is to appeal to the gods for good rains and successful farming seasons.
It is held at Paga, Chiana, Kayoro in the Paga/Chiana and Kayoro Traditional Areas between November and February. It is a thanksgiving offering for good harvest. During the festival, the people display stalks of their first harvest of millet as a sign of sacrifice, and thankfulness to the gods.
It is celebrated by the Kusasis in the Bawku Traditional area in November and December every year. Its significance is to give thanks to the gods for good harvest. There are hosts of sacrifices followed by merry-making to climax it.
This is an annual festival of the people of Sandema in the Builsa. It is held in December. It is celebrated through the display of war dance by various communities. There is also a durbar of the chiefs and people to climax it.
Adaakoya is celebrated at Bolgatanga and Zuarungu by the Gurunsis. It is held between January and February every year. The festival serves to give thanks to the gods for good harvest. The mode of celebration is through various sacrifices followed by drumming and dancing. The climax is a durbar of the chiefs and people.
This is the festival of the people of Zaare who are predominantly blacksmiths. The Festival symbolizes the “Kuure” which is the Gurune word for hoe. The hoe is their main tool for farming and for that matter, livelihood. It is usually held in January/February every year. It is Characterized by various sacrifices and later followed by drumming and dancing.
As a thanksgiving offering, the Tengana Festival is held at Balungu, Winkongo and Pwalugu, all in the Tongo Traditional Area. It is one of the festivals for the Telensis. It is climaxed by traditional music and dancing amidst general merry-making.
The Damba festival is celebrated by the Mamprusis. The main venue of the celebration is Bawku and neighbouring towns. It is celebrated between July and August. The Significance of Damba festival is to mark the birth of the Prophet Mohammed.
Boaram is the festival for the Talensis in the Bongo Tradition Area. It is held between October and November every year. Its significance is to give thanks to the gods for a good season and lots of sacrifices are made to the gods.
UPPER WEST REGION
The UPPER WEST REGION
This is one of Ghana’s smallest regions, yet debatably, it possesses one of the greatest stocks of tourist attractions. It is a very traditional region and these vary from landmarks of the slave trade, through wildlife, to captivating architecture. The region is the largest producer of cotton, groundnuts, millet and sorghum. The dominant ethnic groups are the Wala, Sissala and Dagaaba. It has eight administrative districts including the Regional Capital Wa, which is also the seat of the Wa Naa, paramount chief of the Walas. These are Jirapa, Lambussie. Lawra, Nadowli, Sissala, Gwollu, Funsi and Wa West. Wa has very decent accommodation and restaurants/Bar services. This can be found in other places such as Nandom, Lawra and Tumu. The main dishes of this Region are “TZ” or “Tuo Zaafi”. Rice balls or Omo Tuo with groundnut soup or green leaves soups, beans, and cowpea or “Tubaani” koko with “koose”. Beverages include “pito” and “Zom
How to get there:
From Accra the capital city you can get to the upper West region by air, thus flying to Tamale and then continue by road. By road you can get there by using the daily State Transport Company bus service [STC], Metro Mass Transport services and other individual transport services. International visitors can also come through Burkina Faso via the Hamile border.
CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL HERITAGE
This is the region that the legacy of the trans-Sahara trade left it with a heavy influence of Islam in towns, which the major trade routes converged. Wa, the regional capital is dotted with Mosques, amongst are the Ancient Sudanese Mosques at Nakore and Dondoli.
The Wa Naa’s palace
This is a magnificent palace located in Wa. Built in Sudanese architecture that dates back to the 16th century.
The Jirapa Naa’s Palace
This palace, showcases local architecture, a maze which is the first multi-storey mud building in Ghana.
Slave Defence Wall
The remnants of this defense wall as a result of the 300 hundred year long slave trade that left indelible landmarks are found at the border town of Gwollu, 70 km north of Wa. The wall was built by Gwollu Koro Limann as a defence against slave traders for the local residents of that time. It is also the hometown of the former president of Ghana, Dr Hilla Limann.
A major feature of this region is its ancient caves. The caves found in Bulenga, Dahili and Sankana, were places of refuge for the inhabitants who were fleeing from the slave raiders. Slave Camps can be found at Pizaga and Dolbizon and Slave market at Kassana.
WILDLIFE AND NATURE RESERVES
The Gbelle Game Reserve/ Bird Sanctuary
The reserve [565km2] which is at the south of Tumu, is home to elephants, buffaloes and the country’s largest herds of Roan antelopes. There is also a Bird Sanctuary.
The Wechiau Hippoppotamus Santuary
This stretches along the Black Volta River near Wechiau, also a haven for other reptiles and several birds. A community-protected area is located at the extreme northwestern corner of the Upper West Region, southwest of Wa Ghana. It consists of a 40-kilometres stretch down the length of the Black Volta River, which forms the region’s western boundary with Burkina Faso. Remember to spend the night in our Hippo Hide Tree House and experience one of the best dawn choruses (bird song) in all of Africa. The Bat Sanctuary (Sombo), Sacred Royal Python Sanctuary (Jefiiri) The Crocodile pond (Eremon) these are examples of successful traditional wildlife reserves.
OTHER INTERESTING ATTRACTIONS
These include, the smoothly polished mushroom-shaped rocks formations leaning on their sides (Wuling), The Gothic stone cathedral church, the largest in west Africa, built in 1936 [Nandom] the Lobi Houses and the making of Ghanaian xylophone [Lawra].
Notable festivals are the Kobine, Kakube, Wilaa and Zumbenti in Kaleo. These are merry-making occasions, chiefs and people in colourful dresses [Smocks] hold durbars to climax the celebrations.
This festival is celebrated in the last week of January – 1st of February by the Tumu’s.
It is celebrated to thank the ancestors and Almighty God for guidance over the farming season. Farm produce is exhibited along music, dance and general merry-making.
Celebrated in 27th April, at Takpo. This festival is to thank the ancestral shrine ‘Will’ for guidance and protection and also to ask for continued blessing from the shrine and God Almighty.
The significance of this festival is to give thanks to ancestral gods, cleansing of the land of evil spirits and pacification of gods and re-uniting of families. It is considered the most opportune time to contract traditional marriages.
This festival is celebrated to thank family gods and ask them to bless the soil, protect the people during the farming seasons. It is celebrated in the last week of November – 1st week in December by the Nandom.
The Kobine festival is a post-harvest event to acknowledge the spiritual guidance of the traditional area by the ancestral gods; it is also to jubilate over the bountiful harvest. Dancing competitions are organized. This festival is celebrated on the 1st week of October at Lawra.
THE VOLTA REGION
It is the most easterly region of Ghana and shares a border with Togo on the Eastern side of the country, western with the Volta River and Lake. The southern border is the Atlantic Ocean, while the north shares a boundary with the Northern Region. The region boasts of many tourist attractions, including the Keta Lagoon, Mt. Afadjato, the highest mountain in Ghana (2,095ft) and the Keta basin, the lowest point in Ghana. The region is also dominated by the Volta Lake and stretches from the coastal plains on the Atlantic coast right up to the arid lands of the north.
The lake is a source of power, and much of the water for the region; it is the water highway to the north, a great fishing lake as well as a popular recreational area. The region is lushly vegetated and relatively mountainous. The main towns in this region are Ho (The capital, largest and busiest city), Hohoe and Kpando. There are also some very good hotels in this region, which are comparable to other regions in Ghana and will meet your expectations.
The main dishes of this Region are “Akple” with okro soup, fufu with palmnut soup, “Abolo” with shrimps and “one man thousand” banku with okro stew or pepper, red-red or beans stew and fried plantain.
How to get there
It is pretty much easy to get to this region, as Ho is a transport hub, well connected to most parts of Ghana. There are plenty of buses and trotros that run directly between Accra and Ho on a daily basis. The STC runs two buses daily to Ho. To travel from Ho towards the Eastern border and ports such as Keta and Aflao requires that you change vehicles at Akatsi
The Keta District has some of the most beautiful sandy reaches full of coconut trees in West Africa. The beaches are relatively clean. The sea is rough and shallow up to about 1 to 2 nautical miles in some places. The best beaches can be found at: Vie Volta Estuary Areas, from Azizanu to Atiteti. Woe-Cape St. Paul and adjoining areas ui-Dzelukope- Areas such as Tegbi/fofei areas, Anloga md adjoining areas
WILDLIFE AND NATURE RESERVES
Kalakpa Resource Reserve
The reserve is located between the Abutia and Adaklu traditional areas in the typical Guinea Savanna vegetation zone. It has a spectacular combination of forests on the hills found in the middle of the reserve and along drivers and grass on the plains of the reserve. It is one of the few places in the region where indigenous animals associated with the vegetation can still be found. Prior to the establishment of the reserve, the area use to be the sport hunting grounds for expatriates, mainly Italians, Greeks and Germans resident in Accra, Akosombo and Tema. This game production reserve in Ho, houses buffaloes, bushbuck, kob antelopes, green monkeys, wildcats, water ducks and grasscutter.
Kyabobo National Park
Situated in the foothills of Mt. Djebobo, is utterly unique and gripping wildlife reserve. It has lions, elephants, antelopes and monkeys. Every available evidence points to the fact that the Nkwanta district is very rich in game and wildlife. There are heads, skins and bones of animal that have been killed by hunters, especially at Kue. The heads include those of the buffalo, various types of monkeys, hyena, red-river hog and variety of birds. Consequently a national park, Kyabobo National Park has been created near Nkwanta. It is noteworthy to state that the Togolese have a national part at the other side of the Ghana-Togo ranges called Pare National de Fazao.
The Tafi-Alome Monkey Sanctuary
The sanctuary has a large number of Mona monkeys, which are considered as sacred by the people who live with them.
Agumatsa Wildlife Sanctuary
Agumatsa wildlife sanctuary is located in the Hohoe district of the Volta Region on the Togo-Buen ranges. The area boasts of the most spectacular geographical feature in the district. An hour’s walk through cool shades of trees will lead you to Ghana’s highest waterfalls. The Wlis are beautiful, and is enhanced not only by the towering face of the gorge but thousands of fruit bats clinging to its sides. These waterfalls, which consist of a series of four falls and two cascades descending an amazing 600m height is one of the perennial falls in Ghana open to visitors throughout the year. The falls also plays an important part in the cultural life of the communities around it. The people regard it as a fetish protecting them in all walks of life. Its believed among the natives that it has power of curing barrenness in women.
Volta River Estuary
It is an amazing area where the river, ocean and sandy beaches come together. The estuary is an area of great scenic beauty, with river and ocean beaches, and picnic spots shaded by palm trees. The sand bars are the nesting grounds for sea birds and endangered species of turtle.
Keta Lagoon Complex Ramser Site
The Ramsar Site is 1200km2 including the eastern bank of the Volta River and the Togo border. The lagoon supports the largest inland fisheries within the coastal zone of Ghana.
The Waterfalls of the Volta Region
Although some waterfalls may be seasonal, all are set in attractive wooded or mountain settings.
The water flows from part of the Akwapim-Togo hills range 20km from Hohoe, in the Wli Natural Reserve. This waterfall is becoming very popular in the West African sub-region. It is perennial as water cascades throughout the year. It is located at the edge of the Agumatsa Wildlife Sanctuary, which has hundreds of trait bats and a few monkeys and antelopes. The water falls from a height of about 1,600 feet, into a plunge pool where swimming is permitted. The Wli area has a colony of wild bats, butterflies and flowers.
Tagbo Falls – Liati Wote.
This waterfall is incredibly beautiful. It flows from the Ghana-Togo mountain range and is covered by green vegetation and has cages forming the sides. It does not have a big plunge pool as the Wli cue but is beautiful in its own way. Visitors are charged a fee. With over 300 species of butterflies, Laiti Wote’s forest is home to one of the largest butterflies rami in Ghana.
10km from Hohoe. There are seasonal waterfalls at Alambo near Leklebi Agbesia; Likpe Todome and a few others.
Adaklu Mountain Hike
This challenging mountain hike is led by a Tour guide right up to the topmost part of Adaklu Mt. Located 12kms from Ho. You will encounter colorful birds, butterflies, monkeys and the natural surroundings whilst climbing. Camping is allowed on the mountaintop.
Dedukorpe Ostrich Farm
The farm is one of the peculiarities of the region. A host of products are made from this bird at the farm.
Located in Keta, this fort was built by the Danes. This fort played a significant role in the slave trade involving Europeans in West Africa, the Caribbean and southern USA. Apart from a small fort in Benin and Senegal, the fort at Keta is the only ancient European built fort of its kind east of the Volta River, which is close to the slave coast of Benin (Dahomey). Part of it has been destroyed by the angry waves of the sea, but a significant portion remains to tell a sad story.
Agotime-Kpetoe is one of the two capitals of Kente weaving in Ghana. In this rural village, the skill of Kente weaving has been passed on from generation to generation.
Vume, a small village near Sogakope, produces large volumes of antique ceramics known as ‘Soga Soga’. Large tracts of clay in this village have helped the pottery industry in this area to grow.
Grottos and Caves
Etched out of limestone, the grottos and caves of Volta Region are dramatic. Not to be missed are: The ancestral caves of Likpe – 14km from Hohoe, the grottos of Kpando, Agbehoe and Aziavi. The caves of Nyagbo and logba.
On the first Saturday of every November, a grand durbar of chiefs and people is held at Anloga, the traditional home of the Anlo-speaking Ewes. The durbar forms a significant part of the week-long Hogbetsotso festival which commemorates the migration of the Anlo-Ewes from the ancient walled city of Notsie in present day northern Togo, to their present abode in Ghana. They claim they escaped the tyranny of a wicked chief, Agorkoli, by walking “backwards” amid drumming and dancing to war songs.
Cassava Festival of Avenorpedo
Avenorpeme and Akatsi are noted for a novel festival – the Agbeliza or cassava festival. The festival is celebrated in August at Avenorpedo. An essential aspect of the festival is the exhibition of the various cassava products such as agbelikaklo, yakayake, cassava cake, etc.
Agbamevoza (kente festival) of the Agotime people
The chiefs and people of Agotime traditional area, a few kilometers east of Ho, who are indeed Ga-Adanbges, celebrate their annual Kente festivals in August every year. This is a unique festival by all standards. The time people claim they introduced the art of Kente weaving to present-day Ghana. The festival culminates in a durbar of chiefs and subjects. Several types of Kente cloth are put on display. A unique aspect of the festival is Kente-weaving competition. This unique festival attracts thousands of people from far and near including tourists.
In October, any of the four communities forming the Sasadu i.e. Saviefe, Akrofu, Soviet and Alavanyo (on rotational basis) celebrate what is now known as the sadu festival. It is a festival of pomp and pageantry meant to rekindle the fraternal relationship that exists between the four communities who are said to be of the same stock. A grand durbar of chiefs crowns the festival.
Dzawuwu Festival of Agave-Ewes
Every February, the chiefs and people of the Agave traditional area celebrate their annual Dzawuwu festival at Dabala, their chief commercial centre. It is essentially a thanksgiving festival where special portions of foods are sprinkled to the gods. It also commemorates the bravery of the Agaves of the past who fought and won several wars. It is the time to pay tribute to departed ones and to pour libation for the people to renew their loyalty to their rulers. It has an impressive durbar of chiefs to climax it. Drumming and dancing feature prominently.
Keta Sometutuza Festival
Two weeks after the Anlo-Ewes celebrate Hogbetsotso festival, their cousins, the “Some-Ewes” celebrate their Keta-Sometutuza at Agbozum, which is their traditional home.
This colourful festival of pomp and pageantry is rounded off with a grand durbar of chiefs and their subjects on a Saturday. Chiefs pay homage to their paramount chief and renew their allegiance. The “Some” area is noted for Kente weaving.
Glimetotoza of the Adaklu people
The chiefs and people of Adaklu traditional area celebrate Glimetotoza to commemorate their exodus from Notsie in present-day Northern Togo to their present abode. During the celebration, the bravery for their ancestors is put on display in forms of war dances, songs and drums.
Wli Falls Festival
The chiefs and people of the three communities forming the Wli Tradition Area – Agoviefe, Afegame and Todzi -celebrate their waterfall festival in September.
Fievie Kpor Legbeza Festival It is celebrated by the chiefs and people of Fievie-Dugame in March, on a bi-annual basis.
THE WESTERN REGION
The Western Region is an integrated complex of beautiful safe beaches and African touch beach resorts; the largest collection of European trading forts Met used for the slave trade; the highest tropical jungles; numerous mines; old architectural styles and vivacious festivals. Takoradi, a harbor city is fast becoming a cruise Ship stopover. It has some of the most untouched expanses of tropical forests and most of Ghana’s plantations are to be found in this region e.g. rubber, coconut, citrus, oil palm, teak etc. The twin-city: Sekondi-Takoradi together form the third largest urban in Ghana. It is the regional capital and the gateway to the west coast, even though not a tourist destination but is worth spending a night or two. A bustling central market, nice beaches and historical forts all blend to make it worth your while. There are several good hotels you can stay whilst in the Western Region. The main dishes of this Region include “akyeke” with Avocado pear, fufu and light soup with mushroom or snails.
It takes just four hours from Accra to Takoradi and STC runs a daily service from Accra. Buses leave from Takoradi almost every hour to Accra. The Accra-CapeCoast-Takoradi road is a first class road that makes traveling quicker, easier and comfortable. It is also very easier to come through the Cote D`Ivoire border through Elibo where several buses ply to and from Accra.
Western Region is famous for some of the best beaches in Ghana.
Busua Beach Resort [5km from Fort Metal Cross in Dixcove and 20km from Takoradi] It is regarded as one of the best and safest beaches in Ghana. Originally a small fishing village, this beach resort has brought in a steady influx of upmarket tourists.
Sports Club Beach- Located behind Atlantic Hotel in Takoradi.
Ajua Beach– Located 200 meters from Dadowa Lagoon.
Princesstown Beach– Located off Takoradi/Elubo highway.
A secluded beach with rocky coves, reflect for picnics.
Ankobra & Paradise Beaches
The beach is located on the shore of the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean; the Alaska Beach Club is a popular retreat for backpackers and those in search of a quiet beach away from it.
Coconut Grove Beach Resort
Set in the historic town of Elmina and right on the Atlantic Beach of Mmofra Akyinim, all in the Central Region of Ghana, Coconut Grove Beach Resort continues to be the right choice for both the local and international traveller.
CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL HERITAGE
Castles and Forts
The Western Region is another region with a rich heritage demonstrated by the number of castles still open to visitors. The best examples in the region are:
Fort St. Apollonia at Beyin
This English fort was built in 1768 [located 90km from Takoradi and was named Apollonia by a Portuguese explorer who sighted the place on St. Apollonia’s day.
The fort was transferred to the Dutch in 1868 and returned to the English in 1872.
Fort Metal Cross at Dixcove
Originally Known as ‘Dicks Cove’ The English built this fort between 1692-1698, to prevent the British captains from trading at Fort Groot Friedrichburg to the disadvantage of English commerce. Located 35km fromTakoradi.
Fort Batenstein (1656) at Butre
Built by the Dutch in 1656 at Butre, and handed over to the English in 1872. The fort is now in partial ruins and overlooks one of the most magnificent beaches in Ghana at the estuary of the Butre River.
Fort Groot Friederichsburg at Prince’s town Located on Manfro Hill, 5km east of Fort St. Antonio, the fort was built by the Brandeburgers in 1683. It was taken over by an Ahantan, Chief John Conney in 1708 and recaptured in 1725 by the Dutch and renamed Hollandia.
Fort St. Antonio at Axim
This Portuguese Fort was built in 1515 as a trading post. It was taken over by the Dutch and then later by the English.
Built by the Dutch in 1640, it was destroyed by some local people and was rebuilt four years later. It was again captured and damaged by a group of people.
Dr. Kwame Nkrumah’s Grave
The original grave of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, first President of Ghana and now buried in the Mausoleum in Accra, can be found at Nkroful, 83km west of Takoradi
WILDLIFE AND NATURE RESERVES
Akatekyi Crocodile Pond
30km west of Takoradi, the local fetish priest entices the crocodiles from the water with a live chicken. Bring a bottle of schnapps for the libation. Visitors are welcome every day except Wednesday, a sacred day.
Ankasa Nature Reserve
This intact wet evergreen forest is a zone of great botanical beauty and richness with some 3000-plant species per hectare. Educative nature trails, remarkable and interesting features, the forest lodges, cascades and lie famous “bamboo cathedral” beckon.
Bin National Park
This park is bordered to the south with a 513 sq Km resource reserve and is an international biosphere reserve
The Amansuri Conservation Area
The Conservation is a project been undertaken by the Amansuri Conservation & Integrated Development Project with the aim of managing the pristine Amansuri setland and its fresh water lagoon. The wetland has the sand of intact swamp forest in Ghana and home to inches of animals like monkeys, crocodiles, marine zinles and birds. It has been selected as one of the important bird areas in Ghana based on Birdlife International criteria.
At the heart of the twin city of Sekondi-Takoradi is a tropical forest inhabited by monkeys.
Egyambra Crocodile Sanctuary
west of Takoradi, the local fetish priest entices the crocodiles from the water with a bottle coca-cola and fed with a live fowl.
Yimama Rock Shrine
Yimama in the Wassa Mpohor District, is a rock Shrine consisting of a huge rock stack on top of three other rocks forming a shelter of nearly three storey high. As you visit this area, you will feel the microclimate, which accounts for the unique coolness of the place.
The village on Stilts of Nzulezo [
This is a remarkable village where life goes on in the centre of Lake Tadane, just 90km west of Takoradi. The houses are built on stilts, and traditional village life adapts to the watery conditions. The excursion from Beyin involves a walk through the reeds at the lake and a trip in a dugout canoe to the village. Visitors are welcome every day except Thursday, which is a sacred day.
Cape Three Points
This is the southernmost point of the country and its guest house permits great views of the countryside. It is the area for the extraction of Ghana`s oil.
The Western Region has several mines, [may be visited prior arrangement] the main ones are all in Tarkwa. Manganese Mine, Prestea Goldmines, Tarkwa mines [one of the oldest in the country]
Takoradi Port was established in 1928 as the first port in Gold Coast now Ghana, handling both imports and exports. For several decades Takoradi port served as an important Port for passenger vessels plying the West Africa – Europe route, Sport Fishing & Whale Watching for the sea lover, you are welcome to sport fish as well as Whale watch along our coast.
The people of Sekondi celebrate their annual Kundum Festival between July and August. It is believed that Kundum originated from Ahanta Aboade, a village on the Tarkwa- Takoradi road.
The Sekondi Kundum Festival may be regarded as a harvest festival, as well as a period for remembering the dead, cleansing the community and setting new goals for the coming year.
There are some unique features in the way it is celebrated in every district. Through these festivals, the people remember their ancestors and ask for their help and protection. The festivals are also used to purify the whole state. The unique feature about this festival is that it moves from town to town. If you miss it this week, you get another opportunity to see it at another place.
Tropical climate: The hottest months are March & April, temperature 23-31 degrees Celsius. Coldest month is August, temperature 22-27 degrees Celsius. There are two rainy seasons; from March to July and from September to October. Dry season from mid October to early March, during this season you may experience the northerly winds called “Harmattan” which brings along dirt from the Sahara desert thus reducing visibility considerably.
Important documents should be kept in a safe e.g. Passports. If possible make copies of these documents. Only a few shops accept the major credit cards [See credit cards), although more accept debit cards, which can be acquired at a local bank. It is a good idea to use this as it saves you carrying cash which is often bulky carrying around. Robberies, mugging and purse snatching which hitherto was non-existent has now become like what pertains in any other city in the world. Please be advised to take good care and preventive measures of your belongings at all times. Avoid hitching a ride it could be dangerous. If you intend to rent a place and need you own security there are several private security companies you can rely on. Count on K9 security.